Lokamanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, also known a one of the famous trimuvate of assertive Indian Nationalists one of the Lal Bal Pal (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal) was born on July 23, 1856, in Ratnagiri . He was a scholar, mathematician, philosopher, and ardent nationalist who helped lay the foundation for India’s independence. You may ask however, what was his contribution to the Indian struggle for freedom? Here are TEN facts about him to satiate the history buff in you:-
1. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was the founder and consequently became the President of the Indian Home Rule League that was founded in 1914.
2. Tilak stressed on the importance of education and specifically the learning and teaching of English in order to disseminate liberal and democratic ideals easily.
3. He owned and edited two newspapers: Kesari published in Marathi, and The , published in English.
4. The British government prosecuted him for sedition and sent him to jail in 1897. The trial and sentence earned him the title Lokamanya (“Beloved Leader of the People”).
5. He set forth a program of passive resistance to destroy the hypnotic influence of the British rule, known as the Tenets of the New Party.
6. The government once again prosecuted Tilak on charges of sedition and inciting terrorism. He was deported to Mandalay, Burma to serve a six-year prison sentence.
7. In the Mandalay jail, Tilak settled down to write his masterpiece, the Śrīmad Bhagavadgitā Rahasya—also known as Bhagavad Gita or Gita Rahasya—his own exposition of the Gita.
8. He launched the Home Rule League with the rousing slogan “Swaraj is my birthright and I will have it.”
9. Mahatma Gandhi called him the “Maker of Modern India”.
10. He was given the title of “Father of the Indian Revolution” by India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru.